primary education in india
What is 'three language formula' ?
Ans:- The 'three language formula' first suggested by the National Integration Commission (1962) and later recommended by the Indian Education Commission (1964-66), envisages,compulsory study of English either as a second language. In Hindi speaking areas the third language should be a a modern Indian language other than Hindi. The mother tongue should be the medium of Instruction.
Define language acquisition.
Ans:- The word 'acquisition' means unconscious picking up of a language in a natural setting. Acquiring language is picking it up i.e developing ability in a language for use in natural communicative situation at home. It is called language acquisition.
What is language learning ?
Ans:- Language learning is knowing the rules, having a conscious knowledge of grammar and vocabulary of a language. People often learn it through formal instruction.
What is Task ?
Ans:- A task is an activity, required to preform in groups/pairs, having a definite language learning goal and producing an outcome through interaction in the target language.
What is Skill ?
Ans:- A skill is the special ability to do something with case, speed and accuracy. A skill is acquired through learning and practice. Cycling is a skill, Cooking is a skill. Using a language is also a skill.
Mention the Type of Skill.
Ans:- There are four basic skills of a language. They are listening, speaking, reading and writing.
Which Skills are called Receptive Skills?
Ans:- Receptive skills Listening and reading are called receptive skills because they help us receive the knowledge from the world. These skills are also called spoken/oral skill.
Which Skills are called Productive Skills ?
Ans:- Productive skills speaking and writing are called productive skills because we use these skills to express our thoughts to others. These skills are also called written/visual/graphic-motor skills.
What is phonic method ?
Ans:- In this method the children are taught to recognize the relationship between letters and sounds. They are taught the sounds which the letters of the alphabet represent, and try to build up the sound of an new or unfamiliar words by saying it one word at a time.
What is Intensive Listening ?
Ans:- Intensive listening aims at a detailed comprehension of meaning, complete concentration is required for intensive listening. It has a very definite purpose like identifying certain or details training is the basic focus in intensive listening.
What are the techniques of Teaching Speaking in Classroom ?
Ans:- Common teaching techniques that can be used are --
1. Question and answer techniques.
2. Lecture mode.
3. Group discussion.
What is reading ?
Ans:- Reading is an active process. It is making sense of the printed text.
What is alphabetic method ?
Ans:- In this method the children are taught the names of the letter of the alphabet a -'ay' , b -'bee' c - 'see' and when they see a new or unfamiliar word, e.g...bag, they repeat the letter names. 'Bee ay gee'. It is thought that this 'Spelling' of the word helps the child to recognize it.
Give five reasons for developing good handwriting.
Ans:- Reasons of good handwriting are --
1. Others should be able to read whatever we written.
2. Good handwriting is a mark of the courtesy we have for others.
3. It is a very convenient way of documenting our thoughts.
4. Good handwriting helps the examiners to assess students for their real worth.
5. Handwriting also shows our personalities.
What is vocabulary ?
Ans:- Vocabulary is the total number of words which make up a language. It is the range or stock of words known to or used by a person in a language.
What is active vocabulary ?
Ans:- Active vocabulary is also called as productive vocabulary. This is the vocabulary that we use in our everyday speech also writing. This is also called as 'working vocabulary' and we follow a street economy of words here and use one word to mean only one thing.
Write five advantage of radio broadcast as a resource for language learning.
Ans:- Advantages of radio broadcast are as follows:-
(i) Radio broadcasts provide authentic listening material.
(ii) There is a lot of variety.
(iii) They are available-free of cost.
(iv) The radio is easy to transport to any place.
(v) The program can be recorded and preserved for future use.
What are the uses of audio-visual aids ?
Ans:- Using of audio-visual aids --
(i) Helps in better communication in a teaching or training situation.
(ii) Make learning more experimental.
(iii) Help teachers bring an experience to the classroom.
(iv) Bring in a lot of variety to classroom learning.
(v) Motivate students to learn better.
Why do we use dictionary ? or What are the reasons for using dictionary ?
Ans:- We are using dictionary --
(i) To find out the meaning of the words.
(ii) To find the pronunciation of the words.
(iii) To see how words go together.
(iv) To discover the etymology or the source of a word.
(v) To checkout the spelling of the words.
What is TLM ?
Ans:- The term 'TLM' have always played a crucial role in language curriculum. It refers to anything that facilitates learning in the classroom or in the process of one's self-learning outside the classroom.
What is picturing ?
Ans:- Picturing is the most effective way a reader brings a story to imaginative life. The secondary world created by the writer is conveyed to us primarily through the medium of mental picturing. This gives form, concrete shape, movement, colour and sound to the narrative experience.
What is Approach ?
Ans:- According to Edward Anthony, "An approach is a set of correlative assumptions dealing with the nature of language teaching and learning". Approach deals with philosophical and axiomatic principles. It States a point of view, a philosophy, an article of faith -- something which one believes but cannot necessarily prove.
What is Method ?
Ans:- Edward M. Anthony says, "Method is an over all plan of orderly presentation of language material, no part of which contradicts with and all of which is based upon, the selected approach. An approach is axiomatic, a method is procedural". Method grows out of an approach and it depends on the effectiveness of the method.
What is Technique ?
Ans:- A technique is implementation - that which actually takes place in a classroom. So techniques are related to real classroom activities. Techniques must be consistent with the method and therefore, in harmonious relationship with the approach. Again, technique is the level at which classroom procedures are described.
What are names of English textbooks of primary level and upper primary level ?
Ans:- In West Bengal, in the primary schools a series of textbook called Butterfly (Class II-V) published by West Bengal Board of Primary Education and for elementary level a series of textbook called 'Blossoms' (Class VI-VIII) published by West Bengal Board of Secondary Education is prescribed.